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Paleontology

Meet our earliest residents

The “People of the Plains” are relative newcomers to this area. Long before humans arrived, the Panhandle Plains were ruled by other creatures. Our paleontology collection contains fossils from the Cambrian period to the Quaternary period, with a world-class emphasis on locally discovered reptiles and amphibians from the Late Triassic Period (225-200 million years ago) and mammals from the Late Cenozoic era (10-1 million years ago).

Many guests are surprised to learn that the Texas Panhandle was once a swampy, tropical rainforest, which explains the Phytosaur or the giant crocodile-like reptile on display, as well as the salamander-like Metoposaurus, a 6-foot-long amphibian. These creatures lived among shovel-tusked mastodons, saber-toothed cats, giant land tortoises, the Glyptodon which resemble and are related to giant armadillos, and the unique slingshot deer, named for the slingshot-shaped bone formation on its nose. Other unique prehistoric Panhandle residents include Harlan’s ground sloth and Scott’s horse, both of which are on display.

One fascinating wall shows the evolution of the ancient Bison latifrons to the modern-day American buffalo (Bison bison). Here, visitors can see in sequence the visible changes to the creature’s horns across the millennia.

Step back in time—way, way back in time—with a stroll through our paleontology exhibit.
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